1. Consult a park ranger before you hike to get information about the trail, weather, wildlife and the hazards. You can call the park office, visit the NPS website or stop by the office at trailhead.
2. Bring a friend in case of emergency. Discuss your fitness level, your itinerary, and your emergency plan with your companion.
3. Create an itinerary and share it with someone outside of the group.
4. Wear appropriate clothing and footwear for the weather, terrain and the season.
5. Pack the essentials such as water, food, map, compass, first aid kit, flashlight, portable phone charger, whistle, knife, matches or lighter and extra clothing. You may need sunscreen, insect repellent and rain gear.
6. Stay on the trail and follow the signs and markers. Don't wander off or take shortcuts that may lead you to dangerous or unstable areas.
7. Know your limits and listen to your body.